How an In-Line Externally Pressurized Pressure-Balanced Works

How an In-Line Externally Pressurized Pressure-Balanced Works

In Line Pressure Balanced Expansion Joints
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Whoa, what’s up with all the bellows?
When you first look at a cross-section of an in-line pressure balanced externally pressurized expansion joint, it can look intimidatingly complicated. It is not. And to save me key strokes, let’s call it a ‘PB’ from now on.

The externally pressurized in‐line pressure balanced expansion joint (PB) The PB allows axial movement without imposing a pressure thrust on the piping system. To better understand how it does that, let’s break it down into its two major components – first, a regular externally pressurized expansion joint (see December 2010 article) which exerts a pressure thrust force on piping.

Externally pressurized expansion joints have a pressure thrust force To counteract that force we need something that ‘clamps’ around each pipe end and matches that force yet still allows it to flex. The second component – a balancing cartridge, does just that.

Pressure balancing cartridge component of the PB This ‘balancing’ cartridge, when pressurized, wants to exert a compressive force on anything it clamps around. The center ring will move to the left under pressure compressing the larger diameter bellows.

Regular expansion joint plus a balancing cartridge When the two are added together it is easier to visualize how the forces of each one cancel each other out.

As the piping system pressure changes, so does the counter-acting force of the balancing cartridge. The expansion joint assembly is able to compress or extend without having a pressure thrust force. The only force the piping system feels is the spring rate of the bellows.

Visual example of the PB components off‐setting pressure thrust forces The first PB cross-section shown in this article is how these joints are actually built; note the holes so that pressure flows into the balancing cartridge.

The Bottom Line
Not as complicated as it first seems – just a regular expansion joint with a balancing cartridge added. These PB’s are used when low loads are needed on vessels, equipment, or main anchors.

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About The Author

Greg Perkins
Greg Perkins
President & General Manager

Greg Perkins has 25 years experience in the expansion joint industry. In his previous employment with Senior Flexonics Pathway, Greg Perkins held the position of CEO and General Manager for 11 years. Prior positions include project engineer, director of engineering, and business unit manager.

In addition Greg, a degreed engineer, served on both the EJMA (expansion joint manufacturers association) technical and management committee tasked with developing/updating bellows and expansion joint performance criteria. Proficient in ASME design codes. Patents include high temperature piping restraint structures for expansion joint applications.

Got questions? Need answers? Call Greg today (830) 626-7773 or send him an email [email protected]!